In many low-income, and even middle-income countries, certified teachers i. Yet, even in these cases, the demand for higher-level thinking skills is present in the labor market, imposing a double-challenge over an already overburdened school system. In this context, what should be the role of the teacher?
It would be easy to respond that if the basics do not exist, we should not expect anything more than the basics, thus allowing the next generation of students to be unskilled and unprepared for the future ahead. In this short essay, I try to state the opposite: It is possible, with the appropriate support, to expect teachers to help students to be active citizens and professionals in these times of uncertainty.
These countries cannot make their school systems progress step-by-step, first covering the last mile in access, then promoting the outdated model of quality education for all, and finally ensuring that the system incorporates the development of a new set of skills. They will have to leapfrog and learn from countries that have previously improved their education systems. Pre-service education in the developing world tends to overemphasize the theory, at the expense of the practice of education. A curriculum reform in the tertiary institutions that prepare future teachers would be more than welcome.
These skills are better developed through interactions, not speeches or copying from a blackboard, as most teachers do. Last year, the OECD delivered an interesting report on the strategies mathematics teachers from participating countries in PISA used to deliver their instruction. According to the report, the strategies are not mutually exclusive, which demand the instructor a constant change in roles, to adjust to the kind of instruction being implemented.
Pre-service education and hiring processes in the developing world should prepare professionals that are ready to manage these more sophisticated roles as they deal with their daily teaching of classes. In addition to this important transformation, professional development should incorporate the notion that, in addition to being a mediator, a teacher is part of a team and teaching is not an isolated work.
Teachers need to learn to collaborate, co-create, plan classes, and monitor their work together. This could be in the school they are working or within a school system. Good initiatives of pairing struggling schools with better performing ones in the same area—thus dealing with the same student population—have shown promising results globally.
What is the role of teachers in preparing future generations?
The real challenge is that before the profession becomes more attractive, and the pre-service education more effective, these countries need to deal with a current cohort of teachers that often lack the skills and repertoire to face this complex reality. In these cases, a blend of more scripted teaching strategies with space for experimentation and support for innovation have shown to be effective.
Studies have shown that unskilled teachers benefit greatly from additional support such as pre-formatted class plans, digital classes, and more detailed textbooks. This demands mentoring and class observations, together with structured materials to support initial efforts from the novice teacher to prepare meaningful class-plans and deliver them. It also requires some additional time if the classes are—as in some developing countries—too short or based on a curriculum overloaded with unnecessary content. The demands put on schools are not restricted to preparing students for the increasing demands of the labor market.
A child needs to grow to be an informed member of the society in which they live and to have the knowledge and capabilities to participate. In addition to acquiring basic cognitive and social and emotional skills, a solid Global Citizenship curriculum should be introduced in the school system even in the developing world. Understanding how his or her own country is organized, and how it connects to a globalized world, will be of great value for the student.
This means in-service education through collaboration and group-discussions on empathy, cultural appreciation, ethnic and gender identities, and general knowledge of current world affairs and challenges. A teacher that believes she is part of humanity and not just of a region or a country tends to foster the same perception in her students. This means we must trust them to take part in important decisions about the school curriculum and we must discuss their behavior issues with them directly—not their parents.
This would also require allowing some space for them to make mistakes and learning to correct them effectively. A global citizen, it must be understood, is first a citizen in his own school, community, and country. In Rio de Janeiro, where I was municipal secretary of education, we introduced a mandatory assignment at the beginning of 7th grade, for the adolescents to state in a structured way the life project—that meant putting their dreams into words and learning to plan their future lives.
They did it at the beginning of the school year, in an activity conducted with the support of 9th graders that were trained specifically for the task. These skills can be used for betterment of the society, our country and the entire world. In fact, every innovation, invention and discovery made by mankind was due to education. The importance of education can also be understood from the fact that education decides the behavior of humans towards animals. In a civilized and well educated society, all animals are treated humanely.
They are cared for and fed. If needed, educated people give medicines for animals too. In sharp contrast, uncivilized societies sometimes show lesser respect to animals. Nowadays, education is important because there are thousands of things around us that are made with modern technology. We require education to use these modern gadgets and get the best benefits of technology. Education also teaches us how to respect other human beings. It is because of education that every country has laws that tell people what can be done and what should be avoided.
Nobody can rightfully claim credit for discovering or inventing the ubiquitous wheel. However, research and archaeological findings vaguely indicate, primitive wheels made their appearance around circa BC. Rather, some 11, years ago, while humans were evolving as predominant species on this planet. The wheel was directly responsible for spawning education. Prior to the wheel, humans traveled on foot. Hence, their knowledge was limited to things seen, heard and experienced within a specific geographic area.
Wheels made it possible for humans to cover larger distances.
Essay on Technology and Education - Words | Bartleby
Consequently, our ancestors began gaining knowledge about wider areas around their dwellings. Furthermore, wheels began playing major roles in shaping primitive instruments, weapons and utensils. Wheels made humans more curious to learn about various elements around them, culminating into education as we know it.
This perhaps, is the reason why the prosaic wheel finds mention in holy texts of every major religion. Indisputably, curiosity is the sole precursor to education. As humans, we have inherent curiosity about everything. Primarily, we all wish to know about things that directly impact our otherwise mundane lives. Furthermore, we also love to pry into stuff that is largely irrelevant.
Yet, curiosity prods us to learn more and imbibe knowledge. Thus, information forms basis of our education. Bereft of this curiosity, we are nothing more than vegetative beings.
Higher Ed Disruption: Not So New
Other living creatures are curious too. However, their curiosity is limited to things that directly impact their life and wellbeing. On the other hand, human curiosity has no bounds. When channelized or given right direction, this infinite curiosity manifests as education. Survival is a primary basic instinct of us humans.
Essays about importance of education
None of us would have survived thousands of years of evolution sans this instinct. Undoubtedly, our existence as a species was threatened over the centuries by natural and man-made elements. Yet, we survived because of education. Regardless, that primordial education was mere imbibing knowledge from experiences and our five senses. Paleontology proves that hundreds of living creatures could not survive on Earth, despite being physically stronger than humans.
Education helps us overcome this inborn physical frailty. It gives us an edge for survival, over other living creatures. Once again, curiosity helps all animals, including us humans, to learn new things. Yet, we differ in one primary function.
Extract of sample "Web 2.0 Technology and Education"
Humans have natural capability to receiving, processing and storing data we gain from experiences or the five senses. Furthermore, we humans can utilize, adapt or exploit our data to suit our requirements. This inherent capacity to process raw data from our senses and experiences translates as education. The link between education and communication is unequivocal. In fact, the need to educate others is responsible for development of languages.
Without languages in any form, education could never be achieved. Thus began the human journey towards developing communication, tools and written languages. As we began evolving, so did education. Here we look at some of the ancient forms of education. Notably, some of these continue today, though in a more developed manner.
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Personal training: Usually from parents to child. They impart vital life skills such as walking, eating, speech and learning. Stone carvings: This form of education began around Stone Age. Prehistoric humans began using stones to make weapons and other useful implements.
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Dwellings were in caves. Further, prehistoric humans carved their experiences on cave walls. Their purpose being to educate others about an experience such as encounter with ferocious animals. Cave paintings: Humans began painting on cave walls instead of carving. These paintings also educated successors to learn about experiences. Hieroglyphics: Ancient humans were responsible for developing a rather sophisticated form of education using hieroglyphics.
Only qualified people could decipher these.
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Religious texts: The Vedas and Upanishads of Hindus are goldmine of ancient science. They were handed down over generations to educate successors. Texts of every religion contain education about way of life to be followed by believers of the faith.